The National Education Policy (NEP) has recently made a significant stride towards prioritizing education in India by allocating the highest-ever budget of 6% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). This substantial investment underscores the government's commitment to enhance the educational landscape across the country. Notably, the NEP recognizes the importance of government schools as a key focus area, aiming to cater to students from diverse economic backgrounds. By channelling resources towards these schools, the policy seeks to create a more inclusive and equitable education system that provides quality learning opportunities for all children, regardless of their socioeconomic status.
Foundational Stage - Vidya Pravesh
In the first stage of education [ kindergarten, nursery, first and second standards] according to NEP 2023 policy the following rules have been applied:
- toy based communication
- includes ancient games
- snake & ladders, chopper and ludo compulsory
- simple puzzle pattern training
- textbooks are reduced to encourage toy-based education
First standard syllabus
- children will be taught the higher study syllabus from their first standard.
Preparatory stage - Focuses on teaching style [ grades 3-5 ]
Pedagogy is a big challenge in India. Indian teachers have long been criticized for their outdated pedagogical approaches, relying heavily on rote learning and passive teaching methods. However, the new education policy in India is taking significant steps to address this issue. By emphasizing critical thinking, experiential learning, and student-centred approaches, the policy aims to transform the pedagogical landscape and empower teachers to adopt innovative and effective teaching practices that promote holistic development and 21st-century skills among students. Henceforth NEP has come up with ideas of modelling the syllabus in a way that teacher and student interaction would be possible.
- to encourage interactive learning poems and lessons are intruded with questions
- maths will be explained using art and craft
- Panchatantra books will be introduced to establish moral values
Middle stage - vocational training [ grades 6-8 ]
In response to the issue of students setting narrow goals, the national education policy has taken a proactive approach by introducing mandatory vocational training courses starting from high school. This initiative aims to broaden students' horizons and provide them with practical skills that go beyond traditional academic subjects. By incorporating vocational training into the curriculum, the policy seeks to equip students with a diverse skill set and empower them to explore a wider range of career options, fostering a more holistic approach to education.
- vocational courses mandatory
- internships in mass media, beauty, AI, travel and tourism are introduced
- internships at scl level if possible local businesses would be taken help from
- this will increase job opportunities
- the rate of enrollment in vocational courses in the US, Britain and Germany is 50% each
- it decreases the percentage of unemployment
Secondary stage - [ grades 9-12 ]
The semester system will be implied from an early stage. Thereafter, reducing the load on students studying the whole syllabus at once. Although NEP has addressed that education is facing an inadequacy of resources. It is taking steps to confront this real challenge of the education system.
- semester wise exams
- total 16 subjects, 4 compulsory subjects and the remaining 12 skill-based subjects.
- students can choose any subject combination
- eg: physics & economics
- even if failed in a compulsory subject and passes in skilled subject he will be considered passed
- the focus will be on natural talent
How is the degree system changed from 2023
- Students can choose one major subject of their interest.
- Along with that, they have to choose a minor subject.
- No defined boundaries for choosing the courses they are interested in.
- For example: if a student chooses Maths as their major, they have the freedom to choose any arts stream like economics or literature as their minor subject.
How NEP is based on Ancient Indian Gurukul System
Thomas Munro in his survey of 1820 quotes - " There is no village without any school in Madras." This was the time when the literacy rate in Britain was only 40%. India used to be the hub of education. Giving world-class education at minimal fees is said to be ' 7 pakodas' per year.
Indian Government gave three proofs to support that idea of NEP is based on Ancient Indian Gurukul System.
- Example-based education system – practical education.
- In those times there were 18 vocational courses; similarly, NEP has included 16 vocational courses.
- Merits and demerits are decided based on students' performance in examinations.
The new education policy of India holds the promise of revolutionizing the country's education system. With the target year of 2025, the policy sets a clear roadmap for transforming the way education is delivered and received in the nation. Encouragingly, states like Maharashtra, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh have already taken significant strides towards the implementation of this policy, recognizing its potential to shape the future of education.
As these states serve as early adopters, it is anticipated that other regions will follow suit, further accelerating the positive impact of the new education policy nationwide. With a shared commitment to quality education and progressive reforms, India is poised to embark on a transformative journey that will empower students, nurture their talents, and equip them with the necessary skills to thrive in the 21st century.